Prof. Juliet Nabyonga-Orem  |  Editor In-Chief

Prof. Juliet Nabyonga-Orem is a leading health systems expert with experience spanning over 2 decades. She has been instrumental in the transformation of health systems in many African countr...

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Dr. Koku Awoonor-Williams  |  Editor

Dr. Koku Awoonor-Williams is a health systems and policy analyst. He has almost 3 decades of experience in senior health management in Ghana including 16 years as District Medical Officer/Med...

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Prof. Oladele Akogun  |  Editor

Prof. Oladele Akogun has spent over 25 years on health system research, focusing on access to and utilization of intervention services. He holds a PhD in Public Health and a Postgraduate Dipl...

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You searched for articles under 'Primary Health Care'

Explosions, fire outbreaks, burn injuries, and burn care in Ghana: where do we go from here?


Date of Publication: January 25, 2022

Within a space of 36 hours, Ghana recorded two major explosions leading to extensive damage to property, flattening of an entire community, injuries to several persons, and death to others. The explosion in the Apiate community was associated with a head-on collision between a truck conveying mining explosives and a motorcycle; - the explosion at Kaase was associated with illegal siphoning of fuel. This is not the first time Ghana has experienced such devastating occurrence, but it begs the question “what do we learn from past occurrences and where do we go from here”? In this blog, the author seeks to highlight key issues ...

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“Imprisoning” patients unable to settle their medical bills: a public health issue or human rights crisis?


Date of Publication: January 30, 2021

Health is a fundamental human right which creates an obligation for countries to ensure the availability and access to affordable healthcare services for its citizens without discrimination. This obligation notwithstanding, users may be unable to pay for services following hospital discharge. Even with the advent of national health insurance schemes, some persons may still be unable to pay for services out of pocket leading to their detention or ‘imprisonment’ in the healthcare facility till the bills are settled. The issue is a rather complex one which often raises crucial medical, ethical, and legal concerns and this blog...

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Saving lives on our roads: Frequent Health Checks for Drivers may offer a solution.


Date of Publication: October 5, 2020

In recent times, Ghana has been riddled with news of many gory road fatalities which have rendered families rid of beloved relatives and friends. A recent data from the Motor Traffic and Transport Department (MTTD) of the Ghana Police Service as reported by graphic online indicated that in 2019 alone, 2,284 fatalities occurred due to road accidents in Ghana, with the Greater Accra Region leading the figures with 449 deaths followed by Ashanti and the Eastern region respectively. These alarming figures have no...

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Food and drug labels: pay attention to these.


Date of Publication: August 31, 2020

A healthy body is your most valuable asset and you must be careful what you feed it. We often focus on the expiry dates on the products we purchase from the shelves, but is that all? This blog explores important aspects that must be taken into consideration when buying items from the shelves of supermarkets, pharmacies and other points of sale. Rarely do people pay attention to the inscriptions on these items before purchase, so end up using them without knowing the true components.

Normally, essential items like food and drugs are packaged in cans, bottles and little paper boxes with special information for the consumer,...

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Beyond the biological basis of disease, the intersection of medicine, social sciences, and indigenous knowledge.


Date of Publication: July 11, 2020

“Type one mamhepo, type two mamhepo… (type one winds, type two winds)” the lecturer’s voice trailed on in the almost empty class with half of the attending students in different sleeping postures. Behavioral Sciences was a mandatory course, but we took turns to skip the classes because we did not find its relevance to medical practise at that time. We were interested in understanding physiology and mastering the neural pathway of the vagus nerve in anatomy. Our lecturers from the different biomedical sciences fueled the stereotype through dismissing social sciences subjects as talk shows and not being m...

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Blog: Kenya on the right path to achieving universal health coverage

Blog: Public education on COVID-19: How about the deaf community?

Blog: Universal health coverage and ethical issues in the management of burns in developing countries: Who bells the cat?

Blog: Interventions to slow down the spread of Covid-19: Context matters.

Blog: The potential role of Ethiopian community health extension workers in COVID-19 prevention and control

Blog: Mitigating the impact of Covid-19 in cancer patients: Preparedness matters

Blog: Covid-19 Infection in children: What should we worry about?

Blog: African Health Systems – Our frontline in the COVID-19 pandemic battle?

Blog: A wake up call: Hypertension and diabetes as predictors of COVID-19 morbidity and mortality.

Blog: Inter-Sectoral Collaboration Mandatory for Effective COVID-19 Response

Blog: How can African countries use their resources better in responding to COVID-19 pandemic?

Blog: Striking a Balance between Covid-19 Mitigation Measures and the Threat of Starvation in Nigeria

Blog: Switching on communities to defeat Covid -19

Blog: COVID-19 and the burn care community

Blog: Coronavirus lockdowns: Is Africa doing too much or too little?

Blog: Non-pharmaceutical interventions in the containment of COVID-19: do they suffice or only provide a window to strengthen case management?

Blog: Diagnostic Errors May Jeopardize Covid-19 Response in Africa

Blog: Emergency medicine in the era of COVID-19

Blog: Leveraging E-health for Health System Strengthening to improve Health Outcomes in Ghana

Blog: After Covid-19 pandemic, African nations must rethink investments in health systems

Blog: Fighting COVID-19: The importance of strengthening the primary health care system in limited-resource settings, the case of Ghana.

Blog: Mental health amongst health care workers in the era of COVID-19 in Kenya

Blog: Impact of Covid-19 on the informal workers

Blog: The role of palliative care in response to fatal viral epidemics: A case for covid-19

Blog: Beyond the biological basis of disease, the intersection of medicine, social sciences, and indigenous knowledge.

Blog: Raising cancer awareness through an automated telephone system: early lessons from the Uganda Cancer Institute

Blog: Current state of the Zimbabwean healthcare sector: small improvements that could help improve patient centred care and service delivery

Blog: You can’t do what you don’t know how

Blog: Covid has put Governance at the heart of debates on development, but how has it changed the questions we ask?

Opinion: Survival for the fittest - the game plan for time of Crisis

Opinion: Strategies to exit Covid-19 lock down in African countries

Opinion: Power versus Public Health in the COVID-19 pandemic

Opinion: COVID-19: The disease, the fears, and the possibility of an enlightened civilization

Blog: Calculating the real cost of purchasing a second-hand vehicle

Blog: Food and drug labels: pay attention to these.

Blog: Saving lives on our roads: Frequent Health Checks for Drivers may offer a solution.

Blog: Finding opportunity in crisis: Reliving our commitment towards UHC

Blog: COVID-19 and the immune system: My Zimbabwean experience (September – December 2020)

Blog: “Imprisoning” patients unable to settle their medical bills: a public health issue or human rights crisis?

Blog: Cry no more: Universal access to cancer treatment is possible in a low-income country as we learn from the Uganda experience.

Blog: “No bed syndrome” in Ghanaian health facilities: time to walk the talk!!!

Blog: HIV/AIDS, the potentially forgotten epidemic amidst COVID-19 epidemic.

Blog: Taking the bull by the horn: South Sudan’s ministry of health takes charge of health development in the country.

Blog: Explosions, fire outbreaks, burn injuries, and burn care in Ghana: where do we go from here?

Disclaimer: Some of the editors of this blog are staff of the World Health Organization (WHO). However, their work on this blog and the opinion(s) expressed herein do not represent that of WHO. Similarly, except otherwise explicitly stated, opinions expressed in any article are solely that of the authors and do not represent their organizations or that of the editors.

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